HIV / AIDS

What is HIV / AIDS?

HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus) is a virus that attacks the body's immune system. If left untreated, HIV will lead to AIDS (acquired immunodeficiency syndrome).

Undetectable Means Untransmissible

Having HIV and becoming undetectable means you have been taking HIV medications and now your HIV viral load is too low to measure. If you take HIV medicine as prescribed and keep an undetectable viral load, you will not transmit HIV to your sex partner(s). Keeping an undetectable viral load is the best thing you can do to stay healthy and protect others.

HIV Transmission

The following bodily fluids can transmit HIV:

  • Blood
  • Pre-seminal-fluid
  • Semen
  • Vaginal fluid
  • Anal fluid
  • Breast milk

Risk Factors

HIV can affect anyone regardless of sexual orientation, race, gender, age, and ethnicity, but some behaviors put people at higher risks for potential exposures to HIV.

Some risk factors can include:

  • Alcohol and substance use
  • Unprotected sex
  • Needle sharing

Where to Get Tested

  • Visit Yamhill County Public Health: Call and schedule an appointment at 503-434-7525
  • Visit your primary care provider
  • Visit urgent care
  • Visit the Emergency Department
  • Online Testing Resources
    • Take Me Home
    • Please note that if you use an online service, you will need to seek treatment on your own if you receive positive results
  • Find testing near you

How to Prevent HIV/AIDS

  • Condoms: Most condoms are highly effective in preventing HIV and other STIs when used correctly
  • PrEP (Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis): Can reduce your chance of getting HIV. PrEP reduces the risk of getting HIV from sex by about 99% when taken and used as prescribed
  • PEP (Post Exposure Prophylaxis): Can prevent HIV after a possible exposure. PEP is prescribed in emergency situations. If taken within 72 hours after possible exposure, it is highly effective in preventing HIV.
  • Avoid Sharing Needles: This includes tattoo and piercing needles and drug injecting needles. If you do share needles/syringes make sure they are properly cleaned and disinfected.

Living with HIV Resources